Installing Python 3 on Windows¶
First, download the latest version of Python 3.6 from the official website. If you want to be sure you are installing a fully up-to-date version, click the Downloads > Windows link from the home page of the Python.org web site .
By design, Python installs to a directory with the version number embedded,
e.g. Python version 3.6 will install at
C:\Python36\, so that you can
have multiple versions of Python on the
same system without conflicts. Of course, only one interpreter can be the
default application for Python file types. It also does not automatically
PATH environment variable, so that you always have control over
which copy of Python is run.
Typing the full path name for a Python interpreter each time quickly gets
tedious, so add the directories for your default Python version to the
Assuming that your Python installation is in
C:\Python36\, add this to your
You can do this easily by running the following in
[Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("Path", "$env:Path;C:\Python27\;C:\Python27\Scripts\", "User")
This is also an option during the installation process.
The second (
Scripts) directory receives command files when certain
packages are installed, so it is a very useful addition.
You do not need to install or configure anything else to use Python. Having
said that, I would strongly recommend that you install the tools and libraries
described in the next section before you start building Python applications for
real-world use. In particular, you should always install Setuptools, as it
makes it much easier for you to use other third-party Python libraries.
Working with Python 3¶
At this point, you may also have Python 2.7 installed.
This will launch the Python 2 interpreter.
This will launch the Python 3 interpreter.
Setuptools + Pip¶
The most crucial third-party Python software of all is Setuptools, which extends the packaging and installation facilities provided by the distutils in the standard library. Once you add Setuptools to your Python system you can download and install any compliant Python software product with a single command. It also enables you to add this network installation capability to your own Python software with very little work.
To obtain the latest version of Setuptools for Windows, run the Python script available here: ez_setup.py
You’ll now have a new command available to you: easy_install. It is considered by many to be deprecated, so we will install its replacement: pip. Pip allows for uninstallation of packages, and is actively maintained, unlike easy_install.
To install pip, run the Python script available here: get-pip.py
A Virtual Environment is a tool to keep the dependencies required by different projects in separate places, by creating virtual Python environments for them. It solves the “Project X depends on version 1.x but, Project Y needs 4.x” dilemma, and keeps your global site-packages directory clean and manageable.
For example, you can work on a project which requires Django 1.10 while also maintaining a project which requires Django 1.8.
To start using this and see more information: Virtual Environments docs.
This page is a remixed version of another guide, which is available under the same license.